Children can have variety of eye problems. India has the highest number of children with blindness. Children can have the Cataract, Glaucoma & Squint and they should be operated on early in order to prevent permanent loss of eye sight. Children with following symptoms should be examined for eye:
- Watering in eye.
- Abnormal eye movements
- Squinting of eye
- Rubbing of eyes
- Abnormal head posture
- Reading book keeping very close to face.
- Difficulty in seeing the black board, TV from distance
- Discoloration of eye, Yellow pupils.
- Premature babies
- Babies with body deformities
The Himalayan Eye Institute has trained Pediatric Ophthalmologist for diagnosis and management of various facets of pediatric eye disorders. At present, this service involves not only diagnosis and management of various facets of pediatric eye disorders like refractive error, childhood cataract, glaucoma, amblyopia, squint, retinal disorders, congenital anomalies, pediatric eye cancer etc.but also adult patients with squint/ double vision problems. The department provides appropriate therapeutic intervention for all stages of retinopathy of prematurity, a blinding disease of the premature newborn.
The facility has a variety of equipments, necessary to perform an extensive pediatric ophthalmic examination including portable slit lamp, portable non contact tonometry, orthoptic equipments, synoptophore etc. There is provision for examining uncooperative children under general anesthesia. We approach each patient with specialized attention and assess the problems for appropriate diagnosis and treatment strategies. The institute has facilities for all kinds of pediatric ophthalmic surgeries.
The commonly encountered eye diseases in children are:
It can be far sightedness (Hypermetropia), Short sightedness (Myopia) or astigmatism (cylindrical error). Every child must be tested for visual acuity and for color vision at an early age.
All eye deviations should be brought to the pediatric ophthalmology clinic. Usually it is because of some type of refractive error and once treated appropriately, patient attains a good visual acuity and parallelism.
Amblyopia or Lazy Eye:
In children less than 10 years of age it can be very effectively treated by occlusion therapy. By occluding the better eye the child is forced to see from the lazy eye. Occlusion therapy with patching is the treatment of choice.
All black eyes, every injury in children should be treated as an emergency. Injury can be blunt, perforating or with retained intraocular foreign body. Many eyes can be saved, if treated on time.
Any discharge from the eye should be reported and treated immediately on lines of emergency.
Any suspicion of a white pupil (leukocoria) in child may be due to a congenital Cataract. Cataract in children is treatable and an intraocular lens can be implanted inside the eyes like adults.
There is minimal awareness that glaucoma exists even in childhood. The early symptoms may be increased watering, photophobia or cloudy cornea, or increase in size of eye ball. A thorough examination is required for diagnosing and if treated early gives excellent visual outcome.
Abnormalities of Lacrimal Drainage System:
This causes constant watering in one or both eyes with or without discharge from the eyes.
Congenital Anomalies of Lid/ Eye Ball:
Ptosis (drooping of eye lid) epicanthus (mongol eyes), microcornea (small corneal diameter), microophthalmos (small eye ball).
All diseases of children are taken care of and treated with utmost care by ophthalmologists of The Himalayan Eye Institute especially trained for pediatric ophthalmology.