Child Eye Care in SIliguri

Children can have variety of eye problems. India has the highest number of children with blindness. Children can have vision impairment due to refractive error, Cataract, Glaucoma, Squint, lazy eye, retinal dystrophies, or even tumours of the eye. The Himalayan Eye Institute has trained Pediatric Ophthalmologist for diagnosis and management of various facets of pediatric eye disorders.At present, this service involves not only diagnosis and management of various facets of pediatric eye disorders like refractive error, childhood cataract, glaucoma, amblyopia, squint, retinal disorders, congenital anomalies, pediatric eye cancer etc.but also adult patients with squint/ double vision problems. The department provides appropriate therapeutic intervention for all stages of retinopathy of prematurity, a blinding disease of the premature newborn.The facility has a variety of equipments, necessary to perform an extensive pediatric ophthalmic examination including portable slit lamp, portable non contact tonometry, orthopticequipments, synoptophore etc. There is provision for examining uncooperative children under general anesthesia. We approach each patient with specialized attention and assess the problems for appropriate diagnosis and treatment strategies. The institute has facilities for all kinds of pediatric ophthalmic surgeries.

Child Eye Care

What are the symptoms of eye problems in children? When should I be concerned about my child's eyes?

Children with following symptoms should be examined for eye problems:

  • Watering in eye.
  • Abnormal eye movements
  • Squinting of eye
  • Rubbing of eyes
  • Abnormal head posture
  • Reading book keeping very close to face.
  • Difficulty in seeing the black board, TV from distance
  • Discoloration of eye, Yellow/ white reflex from pupils.
  • Premature babies
  • Babies with body deformities
Child Eye Care

What are the most common childhood eye problems?

The commonly encountered eye diseases in children are:

Refractive Error:

It can be far sightedness (Hypermetropia), Short sightedness (Myopia) or astigmatism (cylindrical error). Every child must be tested for visual acuity and for colour vision at an early age.


All eye deviations should be brought to the pediatric ophthalmology clinic. Usually it is because of some type of refractive error and once treated appropriately, patient attains a good visual acuity and parallelism.

Amblyopia or Lazy Eye:

In children less than 10 years of age it can be very effectively treated by occlusion therapy. By occluding the better eye the child is forced to see from the lazy eye.


All black eyes, every injury in children should be treated as an emergency. Injury can be blunt, perforating or with retained intraocular foreign body. Many eyes can be saved, if treated on time. Chemical injuries due to lime, acid, holi colour, fevicol are also common in children, and must be treated as early as possible. Thermal injuries due to fire crackers also need immediate attention.

Childhood Infections:

Any discharge from the eye should be reported and treated immediately on lines of emergency.

Congenital Cataract:

Any suspicion of a white pupil (leukocoria) in child may be due to a congenital Cataract. Cataract in children is treatable and an intraocular lens can be implanted inside the eyes like adults.

Childhood Glaucoma:

There is minimal awareness that glaucoma exists even in childhood. The early symptoms may be increased watering, photophobia or cloudy cornea, or increase in size of eye ball. A thorough examination is required for diagnosing and if treated early gives excellent visual outcome.

Tumours of the eye:

Retinoblastoma is a vision and life-threatening tumour of the eye, which may be diagnosed early by retina examination. Any child with white reflex from pupillary area must have a retina check-up as early as possible.

Abnormalities of lacrimal drainage system:

This causes constant watering in one or both eyes with or without discharge from the eyes.

Congenital anomalies of lid/ eye ball:

Ptosis (drooping of eye lid) epicanthus (mongol eyes), microcornea (small corneal diameter), micro-ophthalmos (small eye ball).

Child Eye Care Doctors

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